Glossary of Diagnoses and Terminology

The answers you desire with the compassion you deserve. Here you will find comprehensive information about congenital anomalies — written for families experiencing the emotional complexities of the diagnosis.


Congenital refers to a condition that is present at birth. A congenital condition, defect, or disorder can be inherited or caused by environmental factors. The prognosis of congenital conditions varies widely, ranging from mild to severe. Some congenital conditions may cause life-long disabilities or health issues; others are considered life-limiting in that they are often fatal in the perinatal period. [19]